More sacred and religious city Patan lets you experience a quite different flavor of tour within the valley Centuries long arts and architectures exposed representing Medieval arts and history in a number of temples and palaces. Among them, the most magnificent is Krishna Temple of Patan. Hindu devotees visit this temple every day in a flock. The distinct arts carved in the woods and stones including in idols will be a marvelous representation of age-long art and civilization.
Patan is also known as Lalitpur both name comes from the Sanskrit “ Lalitapattan “ but according to the Newari language Patan is called from the Name Yala. In legend the greatest indian emperor visit to Patan in the third century BC. When The Licchavi dynesty rules at the end of the Third Century Patan emerge as the cultural and artistic capita of Nepal. After that Malla Dynesty Rules until 1796 when the Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Sahah Conquered the Valley and choice Kathmandu Valley is for their Capital.
Patan Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square was constructed during the second half of the seventeen century, considerably rebuilt after both the Gorkhali assault of 1769 and 1934 earthquakes. The Patan Durbar Square is constructed according to the Newari architecture. There are many Layout have been constructed inside the Patan Durbar Square. The Name of the Layout Are Sundari Chowk, Mul Chowk, Deku Talle, Keshab Narayan Chock, etc.
Sundari Chock is located to the south of the Mul chock. In sunadari Chock you can see the grand seventeenth century Tusha Hiti. This Tusha Hiti or Sunken Tank is decorate with different Hindu God And Goddesses and it shape like the fimale sexuality and ringed with serpents.And just to the east of sundari chock there is recently restored Bhandarkhal Temple.
Mul chock is lcated north to the sundari chock. Mul chock is the large and famouse center courtyards among the there main chocks. The door at the right hand wall of the courtyard, leading to the Taleju Mandir is surrounded by the statues of hindus goddesses Gonga and Jamuna.
Degu Talle can be seen towards just north of the Mul Chock. Degu Talle is uplifted in 1640 by Siddhi Narsingh Malla . Degu Talle is the seven storeys high and tallest building on the block. But after damage by the 1934 earthquake it has to be completely rebuilt.
Kashav Narayan Chock
Kashav Narayan chock is located at inside the Patan Museum that is the north of the Mul Chock. In the Center of the Mul chock there is the Kashav Narayan Temple. So that it is Call Kashav Narayan Chock.
Patan Museum is located at the Mani Keshav Narayan Chock. Patan Museum exhibit everlasting collection of important Bronzes, Stone sculpture and wood carvings, a luxurious Malla throne and archival photographs. the exhibits are arrange in the way that relates to lead you through Hindu, Buddhist, tantric drawing, temple construction all supported by excellent explanatory text.
Chyasin Dewal was Established in the eighteenth century to the southern at the end of the Durbar Square. Just To the north of it there is the Taleju Bell which was erected in 1736 in the valley.
Hari Shankar Temple
Hari Shanker Temple is dedicated both to Vishnu and Shiva. It is located north of the Chyasin Dewal. Infront temple there is the statue mounted on a pillar and praying to the Degu Talle depicts Yoganarendra Malla.
Krishna Mandir which was built by King Siddhi Narsingh Malla in 1667. Krishna Mandir is constructed in the center a Mughal style shikra, is girdle by three level of stone verandas with details scene from the great Hindu Epics Mahabharat and Ramayan, carved along the lintels. Worship gather here every morning and in Krishna’s Birthday will be the special worshipday in this temple.
Bhimsen Temple was also built by the Malla Dynesty. It was built in 1680 by Srinivasa Malla. Bhimsen is the one the brother of Pachapandap in Mahabharate. He was strong and have get bliss to have 1000 elephant power in his body. In Newari Culture Bhimsen god is worship as trade and business god. In Patan Bhimsen god is known as the interconnected golden window. Non hindu or tourist are not allow to enter in this temple.
Viswanath Mandir was also Built by the Siddhi Narshingh Malla in 1627. The temple is dedicated to the god of the god Shiva. The Temple was collapsed in 1990 but has been restored it again.
The Golden Temple or Hiranyavarna Mahavihar
The Hiranyavarna Mahavihar in the Sanskrit meaning “ Golden Monastary “ so that most tourist call it the Golden Temple. This Temple is Located at the Kwa Bahal which is just 10 minute walking from the Patan Durbar Square. The Temple is Golden Color embossed with image of Buddhas and Taras.