Swoyambhunath Temple or Monkey Temple is just 2km walking distance west of the touristic hub Thamel. In this Swoyambhunath temple, visitors can see the biggest stupa of the Buddhist religion, and the Hindu Temple Haratima is located side by side which is the main thing to see. Besides the Swoyambunath temple, there is also some site is available to see more.
History Of Swoyambhunath Temple
According to the damaged stone writing found on the site, it was believed that about the beginning of the 5th century CE the great grand Father of King Manadeva named King Vrsadeva ordered work done in 640 CE. So this seemed to have been confirmed according to the written manuscript found in the damaged stone on that site. It is also said that Emperor Asoka has visited the site in the Third Century BCE and built a temple on the hill which was destroyed again. After that, in May 2010 the temple was completely renovated but again get suffered from the earthquake on 25th April 2015. Now it is still under renovation.
Around Swayambhunath Temple
There are many incredible temples and votive items surrounding the Swayambhunath temple which have been donated by different Kings and nobles.
The bronze baton-like object at the top of the steps which seems like a heavy size is Vajra. According To the Hindu religion, Vajra is the weapon of the Thunder God Indra. And It is used symbolically by the traditions of Buddhism Hinduism and Jainism as the matra.
Pratappur And Anantapur
On the Just Right And Left side of the Vajra. There was a white tall Building Bullet shape that is called Pratappur And Anantapur.
Just Below the big stupa, the temple of gold plated roof is located which is called Harati Mata. This goddess is also known as Ajima in Newari Language and culture. Traditionally, there is a belief that this goddess protects children from various diseases by worshipping her.
Shakyamuni Buddha ( Dipankara Buddha )
When you walk past the chaityas at the back of the Swambhunath Stupa Temple there is the tall large black stone-carved Buddha. So it is the Shakyamuni Buddha carved from a single stone in the 7th century.
In the northwest corner, there is the Agnipur. In Agnipur the temple of the ancient fire good is located. This temple relayers burnt offering to heaven.
On the north of the main stupa, there is Nagpur. It is a small tank with a snake deity at the bottom you can see it when it is not filled with water. Near Nagpur, there is Shree Karma Raj Mahavihar.
On the northwest side of the Swayambunath Stupa, there is the plain box-like building that is Shantipur.
According to the legend, a holy man name Shanti Shri who lived in the 5th century has entered there to meditate for 1500 years beneath the temple swearing not to appear until the Kathmandu valley needed.
The Natural History Museum
When you follow down from the car parking at the southside of the Swoyambhu hill you can see the Natural History Museum displaying the collection of birds and shriveled animals.
As you walk down Back to the Swambunath Temple there is a small sitting area with a big pond where every visitor throws the coin to see their luck. If you walk down along the road you will get Buddha Park which is newly Built.