An environment in the Everest region
The mountain of the Khumbu is so Large that they create their own local climate. As you climb through the hills, mixed deciduous forest and scattered rice terraces give way to pine forest, then rhododendrons, then scrub junipers, before finally, the only vegetation is low alpine shrubs and grasses. As you walk, scan the skies and the undergrowth for golden eagle and the spectacular Himalayan Monal ( Damphe or impeyan pheasant ) with its regal, shimmering green blue and purple plumage.
In the forested area around Namche Bazaar, Thame, Phortse, and Tengboche keep your eye peeled for Himalayan tahr and musk deer often spotted beside trails early in the morning. You may also hear the strange, hoarse call of the muntjak or barking deer. The predators of the Himalaya are rarely seen but they are out there – the Khumbu is home to both leopards and snow leopards.
When to trek:
It is theoretically possible to trek in the Khumbu year-round, but flights are frequently canceled in winter and during the monsoon because of the poor visibility at the Luckla airport. The best weather is in autumn when the skies are clear and temperatures at higher altitudes are more bearable. However, the competition for the seat on planes and bed space in lodges can be intense. Spring is a calmer time to visit though cloud and rain become more frequent in the build-up to the monsoon. The most serious obstacle to trekking in winter is the cold. Days can be perfectly comfortable, but the mercury plummets as soon as the sun sinks behind the mountain. At some time during the season from October to March, there is certain to be a storm or two that will blanket the countryside with snow.
Permits and Regulation:
You must take two kinds of permit for regular trekking in Everest region. One permit is for Loyalty of Sagarmatha National Park. We must take it from the Tourism board of Nepal for the sector of regular trekking in Everest Region. Another permit is TIMS ( Travel Information Management System). That is to records all the trekker profile by the tourism board of Nepal.
There are two ways for the trekking in the Everest Region. One way is directly fly from Kathmandu to The luckla and start your trek from Lukla. So When you fly from Lukla you can complete Everest Base camp within 14 Days. And another way is Take a bus to Kathmandu to Bandar and start trekking from the Jiri / Bandar. If you follow this route you can complete Everest Base Camp in 18 to 19 Days.
Supplies and Equipment :
If you have forgotten anything like cell batteries, sun-creams, film, memory cards, sleeping bags, down jacket, Trekking shoes, sunglasses, to bring you can buy or rent in Kathmandu and in Namche Bazaar. It will be cost depending on the quality you will buy or rent.
Teahouse trekking takes you to the mountain where you stay every overnight at guest house. Food and accommodations are provided according to your choice at the guest house.
Festivals In Solu Khumbu:
Along with the connection of Tibetan Buddhism and the Lunar Calendar of the Tibetan, there is four major festival in Solu Khumbu.
Tibetan New Year or Gyalpo Losar: This festival is usually held in the late February or early March which is celebrated with the masked dance performances at the end of the 12th month of the Tibetan Calendar.
The festival falls normally in May on the full moon of the fourth Tibetan month. This Buddha Jayanti is also known as Saga Dawa and it celebrates the birthday of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha with parades stupas and Gompas and the lighting of butter lamps at sacred sites.
This a famous Sherpa festival which is celebrated normally in October and November at the monasteries of Tengboche, at Thame in May and at Chiwang or near Phaplu at November or December. During the festival, monks don elaborate masks and costumes and perform ritualistic chaam dances that symbolize the triumph of Buddhism over Bon. The ancient animistic religion of Tibet. At this festival sherpas from all over the Khumbu flock to attend the spectacle and the final evening turns into the Sherpa equivalent of an all-night rave.
This festival largely celebrates at Namche Bazaar, Pangboche, Khumjung, and Thame for the birth of Guru Rinpoche who introduced Buddhism to Tibet.
The more you ascend to the higher altitudes, the more oxygen will be less. Normally, no traveler will be suffered from altitude sickness below 4ooo m. high. But this is not the case always. Those who lack good stamina, physical fitness, those who drink a lot and smoke will likely to suffer altitude sickness.
Mild and common symptoms include headaches (also a symptom of dehydration), low appetite, and restless sleep. More moderate symptoms include vomiting, fatigue, and diarrhea. Many compare altitude sickness to the sensations of having a hangover. Severe symptoms include blue lips and fingernails, severe difficulty breathing, poor coordination, fatigue, and drowsiness. To avoid altitude sickness, we recommend you to descend down to the lower altitude, hydrate sufficiently and maintain nutrition. In case you have these above mentioned symptoms, inform our guide since he will be far more experienced than you.
It is required to have travel insurance that covers your rescue in case you have suffered any kind of sickness in high altitude including altitude sickness. We hope everything will be fine during the trekking days but sometimes unforeseen circumstances may occur. Many standards policies cover you for trekking to high altitudes, such as on the Everest Base Camp and Annapurna Circuit Trek, but it is very important to check this before you go. Here is a list of insurance companies that we have collected information on (however it is your responsibility to confirm that the information on our website correct):
We recommend companies such as Insure and Go, Virgin Money, and The Post office, as they currently cover the altitudes of all our treks.
For more information please see our information section.
Carrying my stuff when trekking:
We will employ our porters to carry up to 12kgs of weight for each trekker. This is included in the price of each trek. We provide 1 porter for 2 trekkers in accordance with the guidelines set out by the International Porter Protection Group. If you would like more weight to be carried, please let us know. In general, 12kg is more than sufficient. If you have unnecessary stuff that is not required during the trekking days in the mountain, you can leave at the hotel till you come back. They will store it safely.
Normally each porter will carry 2 peoples rucksacks and he will simply tie them together using rope (this does not harm any of the rucksacks). If you are trekking with a friend or loved one, and there is space in one rucksack for both your possessions, then please feel free to share the same rucksack but please ensure that it weighs less than 24kg.
It is helpful if you do not put things that you may need during the day in your large rucksack as you will not be walking with your porter at all times.
Can I drink the tap water:
We don’t recommend you to drink the tap water in the mountains since it is not safe. To help prevent contamination of the environment, we discourage tourists from drinking from plastic bottles especially when in the mountains. Non-plastic bottle options include:
- Drinking boiled water from teahouses.
- Drinking ginger and lemon tea to reduce the need for water consumption.
- Purifying tap/river water using a chloride pump, iodine, or chloride tablets. The taste of the tablets is not appetizing, so it is recommendable to use a dissolvable vitamin tablet to add flavor.
How old does a trekker have to be to go trekking?
- All trekkers under 18 must be accompanied by a friend/family member who is over 18 years of age.
- Moderate to strenuous treks: minimum age is 14
- Easy treks: minimum age is 12-11
Supplies and Equipment:
If you have forgotten anything like cell batteries, sun-creams, film, memory cards, sleeping bags, down jacket, Trekking shoes, sunglasses, to bring you can buy or rent in Kathmandu and in Namche Bazaar. It will be costly depending on the quality you will buy or rent.